Topics At A Glance
- Violence Prevention Initiative (VPI)
- Parole and Probation VPI Warrant Service
- Fewer Shooting/Homicide Victims in Baltimore City
- DPP Cross-Border Collaboration/Information Sharing
- Sexual Offender Supervision - Collaborative Offender Management Enforced Treatment
- In FY10 the Division of Parole and Probation (DPP) continued its focus on targeting the most violent offenders under supervision in Maryland. Through the Violence Prevention Initiative (VPI) DPP is on the ground and in the community proactively assisting local law enforcement, and using all legal tools at its disposal to keep neighborhoods safe – sharing intelligence with criminal justice partners and requesting revocation warrants more effectively over the last three fiscal years.
- Created by the O’Malley-Brown Administration in 2007, the VPI uses a data driven risk assessment tool to identify offenders with a high propensity for committing future violent crime. In FY10 this population averaged 2,049 a month. These VPI offenders are subject to much stricter supervision than the normal DPP offender.
- The VPI, with its built-in intelligence gathering and sharing, has made DPP an effective partner to law enforcement. These better relationships with local police enable greater warrant service on the state’s worst repeat offenders. This includes more than 6,800 warrants issued by the Maryland courts and the Maryland Parole Commission (MPC) in the last two fiscal years. The end result is 3,044 of Maryland’s most violent offenders have had their parole or probations revoked during the same time period. Since FY08 VPI has increased warrant service dramatically including:
- 122% increase in VPI violation warrant requests (1,562 vs 3,461). *Number of VPI Parole and Mandatory Release warrants requested by DPP estimated based on number of warrants issued by MPC
- Out of those requests VPI violation warrants issued rose by 86% (1,823 vs 3,392). **Number of VPI warrants issued includes carry-over of warrants requested in previous FYs.
- And this has led to a 339% increase in VPI offender parole or probation revocations (302 vs 1,326).
- DPP is not a law enforcement entity and does not have the legal authority to revoke an offender’s supervision. But it can, and does, request the issuance of violation of parole or probation warrants --- by the Maryland courts or the Parole Commission, which can ultimately result in offender revocations.
- These efforts have helped local law enforcement propel Maryland to double-digit reductions in homicide rates since 2008. In 2008, the state saw its second largest drop in 25 years at 13.5%. The trend continued in 2009 with a 12% reduction. And in 2010 Maryland held steady with its 2009 numbers.
- DPP’s Warrant Apprehension Unit, a division of the Community Surveillance and Enforcement Program (CSEP), includes 40 men and women with special law enforcement training and the legal authority to execute arrest warrants issued by the courts and Parole Commission. Once issued, DPP has limited authority to serve these warrants and arrest violators.
- This ability was increased through legislation passed in 2009, which enabled certain DPP agents to serve probation warrants in addition to serving parole warrants, which DPP has been doing for years.
- The agents work with three warrant service task forces, each made up of various local, state or federal law enforcement - Capital Area Regional Fugitive Task Force (CARFIF), Maryland State Apprehension Team in Salisbury/Wicomico County and the Baltimore Team (city and county). However, their main area of responsibility is to serve VPI warrants, specifically those in Baltimore City, Baltimore County and Prince George’s County.
- While it does not serve every VPI warrant issued in the state, in the last two calendar years, the DPP’s Warrant Apprehension Unit’s clearance rate (defined as warrants served, not adjudicated) has been about 90% (90% in 2009, 89% in 2010).
Baltimore City Focus
- CSEP’s 2010 Baltimore City warrant clearance rate was 89% (1,638 received, 1,435 closed) - 711 of those through DPSCS CSEP agent arrests.
- In 2010 CSEP also collaborated with Baltimore City Police Department (BCPD) initiatives, the Violence Suppression Initiative this summer, and the ongoing Impact Zone Initiative. CSEP agents prioritized warrant service on offenders identified by BCPD as living in these areas.
- The WatchCenter effort is the intelligence arm of the Violence Prevention Initiative. DPP has embedded full time Parole and Probation Agents to work side by side with police officers in Baltimore City, Baltimore County and Prince George’s County. In FY10, DPP expanded these efforts by adding an agent to both the Salisbury Police Department and the Maryland Coordination and Analysis Center, focusing on statewide crime.
- The concept allows for daily sharing of intelligence on Maryland’s most violent offenders, assisting police investigations of supervised offenders’ involvement in violent and gun related crime.
- When a DPP offender is arrested, a revocation warrant is immediately requested. If the DPP offender is connected with a violent or gun crime but not arrested, the case is reviewed for supervision violations in an effort to remove the offender from the community.
- Statewide WatchCenter efforts have resulted in 1,137 violation warrant requests since it began, including 548 in FY10. Out of that 983 warrants have been issued, 467 in FY10. The result has been 271 parole or probation revocations for some of Maryland’s worst offenders – 71 of those in FY10.
- These efforts have played an important role in assisting the Baltimore City police to reduce violent crime. In 2010 Baltimore County saw 34% fewer homicides than 2009 (11 less). And in Prince George’s County total homicides were consistent with 2009 numbers, which saw a 22% drop from the previous year (2008).
- The VPI/WatchCenter efforts have helped the BCPD to reduce shootings and homicides since the VPI began in July 2007. These are two indicators police use to measure their success.
- When comparing the first two years of the VPI, July 2007 to July 2009, to the previous two year period before it existed, Baltimore saw a 20% reduction in shooting victims and a 16% drop in homicides.
- And that trend continued in Baltimore City during CY10, with BCPD reporting 14 fewer homicides, the lowest since 1987. Shootings are also down 7% since CY09 and a dramatic 42% compared to 10 years ago.
DPP Offender Victims
- Of the Baltimore City victims, we have seen a 25% decrease in DPP offender homicides, and a 15% decrease in non-fatal shooting victims from FY09 to FY10.
- Since September 2008, DPSCS has worked collaboratively with both Virginia and Washington D.C. to track the most violent offenders under our respective supervision as they cross in between our jurisdictions.
- Today, the jurisdictions share arrest information on a daily basis. Like the VPI, this collaboration allows jurisdictions to compare arrest data against names of those under supervision for possible matches.
- This information enables quick responses to new arrests by DPP through violation warrant requests on high risk offenders when appropriate. Since its inception, Maryland has received arrest data on 4,740 arrests – 2,373 in FY10.
- And in early FY11, DPP also began to share arrest data on offenders with New York State. More than 15 arrests of Maryland offenders have been reported since we began sharing this information.
- DPP is also participating in regional gang intelligence collaboration meetings, state sponsored local initiatives such as Safe Streets, HEAT and CSAFE Teams, GunStat in Baltimore City and with federal officials through the EXILE program.
- Under the O’Malley-Brown Administration, DPP has been at the forefront in the development and implementation of effective strategies for the management and treatment of sexual offenders through the use of Collaborative Offender Management Enforced Treatment (COMET).
- COMET teams are placed throughout Maryland and include specially trained agents with reduced caseloads of 30 to one. Through this enhanced supervision sexual offenders are subject to clinical polygraph exams, computer monitoring and electronic tracking.
- In addition to agents, team members include stakeholders from the judicial, law enforcement, treatment and victim advocacy communities.
- Under this containment model less than 1% (.03%) of sex offenders on active supervision are charged with subsequent sexual offenses.
- New Information Sharing Initiative - TheBayNet.com 08/22/11
- Fighting Crime Across State Lines - WMDT-TV 08/22/11
- Agencies: New Laws Will Help Prevent Sex Abuse - Daily Times 08/26/10
- Md. probation chief tries to curb crime through supervision - Washington Examiner-Online 07/25/10
- Md., NY to share arrest information - WMAR-TV 07/21/10
- Information-sharing pact is Maryland's third, NY's first - The Daily Record 07/21/10
- New York, Maryland to Share Parolee, Probationer Information - WTEN-TV 07/21/10
- Help track down dangerous parole violators - WMAR-TV-Online 06/10/10
- Help Capture Maryland's 25 Most Wanted - WJZ-TV 06/07/10
- Officials Launch Website To Identify Parole Violators - WBAL-TV 06/07/10
- Top 25 parole and probation offenders - Baltimore Sun-Crime Beat 06/06/10
- Md. crime at 35-year lows, governor says - Baltimore Sun - Online 05/10/10
- Crime Fighting Collaborative Yields Results - Afro-American Newspapers-Washington, DC Edition 02/03/10
- Annapolis Crime Plunged in 2009 - Capital Gazette Newspapers 01/21/10
- VPI Them ASAP - Maryland Morning-WYPR-FM 01/11/10
- Program Keeps a Close Eye on Most Violent and Prolific Offenders - Baltimore Sun 12/27/09
- In the details, catching the devil - Baltimore Sun-Online 12/06/09
- Md. agents go after suspected probation violators New law means they don't have to 'fight with one arm tied behind their back' - baltimoresun.com 10/02/09
Violence Prevention Initiative
- 2,049 average active cases per month under VPI in FY10
FY08 vs. FY10
- 122% increase in VPI violation warrant requests (1,562 vs. 3,461)*
- 86% increase in VPI violation warrants issued (1,823 vs. 3,392)**
- 339% increase in VPI offender supervision revocations (302 vs. 1,326)
- 40 men and women with law enforcement authority
- 90% clearance rate (warrants served, not adjudicated) in FY09
- 89% clearance rate in FY10
- Baltimore City, Baltimore County and Prince George’s County WatchCenters
- Agents added to Salisbury Police Department and Maryland Coordination and Analysis Center in FY10
- 548 warrants requested in FY10
- 71 supervisions revoked in FY10
- 14 fewer homicides and 7% fewer shootings reported by Baltimore City Police 2009 vs. 2010
- 34% fewer homicides in Baltimore County in 2009 vs. 2010
- Statewide homicides stayed consistent with 2009
- Share arrest information on Parole & Probation offenders with DC and VA
- MD received data on 4,740 arrests since inception
- NY State added early FY11
Sex Offender Supervision
- Less than 1% (.03) of sex offenders under Parole & Probation containment model are charged with subsequent sexual offences